What is Down Syndrome?

Down syndrome is a genetic condition that causes delays in physical and intellectual development. It occurs in approximately one in every 800 live births (the recent statistics in Oman in one in every 400 birth) and it is the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorder. Individuals with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. Down syndrome is not related to race, nationality, religion or socioeconomic status

It is important to remember that while children and adults with Down syndrome experience developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the opportunity and encouragement to develop them. Early Intervention services should be provided shortly after birth. These services should include physical, speech and developmental therapies

When you are thinking about people with Down Syndrome

  • You should never ever say Mongolia. They are not people of Mongolia. Down syndrome is not related to race, nationality
  • Dr John Langdon Down first described Down Syndrome in 1866, but he neither had it, nor “owned” the syndrome so it should not take on the possessive form of Down’s syndrome They are not even individuals’ with Down’s. They are people first who happen to be born with Down Syndrome. You should say a Person/baby/child with Down Syndrome.
  • They are not retarded or mad. They have a learning disability.
  • With sufficient effective support, they too can achieve their goals just like anyone else. It is important to remember that while children and adults with Down syndrome experience developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the opportunity and encouragement to develop them. In the Western World, some high school graduates with Down syndrome participate in post-secondary education & many adults with Down syndrome are capable of working in the community, but some require a more structured environment

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